Stress at Work and Home Raises Risk of Depression in American Workers – NBC Los Angeles
According to a study by researchers at UCLA, stress at work and at home is linked to major depressive episodes and can have different effects on men and women.
“A person’s situation at home can impact their experience of stress at work, and vice versa,” said Wendie Robbins, professor of environmental health sciences at UCLA’s Fielding School of Public Health. and co-author of the study published in the August edition of the Journal of Psychosomatic Research.
Robbins, a registered nurse who also teaches at UCLA School of Nursing, said the findings demonstrate a role of family stressors in the mental health of working families and help clarify previous findings regarding gender differences in associations of work stress and depression.
The researchers said that in studies of stress at work, it is important to consider the impact of cross-stress between work and home.
“The aim of our study was to assess how psychosocial stressors such as work stresses and family stresses might affect mental health,” said Timothy Matthews, doctoral student in environmental health sciences at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health and first author to study it.
“Workplace stress has been shown to be systematically linked to mental health issues such as depression, but much less is known about how stress at work can affect men and women differently – there have been conflicting evidence regarding this problem, ”he said.
Using data collected over nine years from a national sample of 1,581 baseline mentally healthy American workers, the study found that family stress was associated with a one and a half times higher risk of major depressive episode in men and women.
Stress at work was associated with a more than double risk of major depressive episode in men, while stress at work did not show a significant effect in women, according to the research team, which included academics from the universities of Lausanne and Zurich in Switzerland.
“These findings have implications for the design and implementation of workplace stress reduction interventions and health promotion programs targeting the mental health of workers,” said Dr Jian Li, also a professor at the Fielding School of Public Health and School of Nursing, and senior author. of the study.
“Interventions can be more effective if they take into account factors outside the workplace, such as gender roles and the family environment at home,” Li said.